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英語狀語有哪些種類 

來源:大家網 發布日期:2011-04-27 16:25

 

     英語中的狀語按其用途,可以分為時間狀語、地點狀語、方面狀語、原因狀語、結果狀語、目的狀語、條件狀語、讓步狀語、程度狀語、方式狀語、伴隨狀語等11種!

一、時間狀語  

She is to be married next month. 她預定在下個月結婚! 

I’ll meet you at 4 o’clock. 我將在4點鐘和你見面! 

A lot of students missed my lecture yesterday. 昨天許多學生誤了我的課! 

二、地點狀語  

He lives over the mountain.  他住在山的那一邊! 

I first met him in Paris. 我初次見到他是在巴黎! 

The children are swimming in the river. 孩子們正在河里游泳! 

注:地點狀語除表位置外,還可以表“出發”“去向”“距離”等。如:  

Are you glad to be going back to school? 返回學校你感到高興嗎?   

They lived many miles from the town. 他們住的地方離鎮子好幾英里遠! 

三、方面狀語  

She is very weak in physics. 她物理很不行! 

China is very rich in natural resources. 中國自然資源豐富! 

This is better in every way than that. 這個在哪一方面都比那個要好! 

The bridge is 2500 meters in length and 150 meters in height. 這座橋長2500米,高150米! 

四、原因狀語  

He was surprised at what she said. 聽到她說的話,他很吃驚! 

He succeeded by hard work. 他由于努力工作而成功! 

He was sent to prison for robbery. 他因為搶劫而坐牢! 

Last week she fell ill from cold. 上星期她著涼生病了! 

We’re proud of our motherland. 我們為祖國感到驕傲! 

五、結果狀語  

He talked his wife into buying a car. 他說服他妻子買一輛小汽車! 

The box is too heavy for me to lift. 這個箱子太重了,我提不動! 

It rained heavily, causing severe flooding in that country. 大雨滂沱,造成了那個國家洪水泛濫! 

He went to Africa in 1963, never to come back. 他在1963年到非洲,然后就再也沒回來過了! 

六、目的狀語  

They went out for a walk. 他們出去散步了! 

He saves on behalf of his son. 他為兒子存錢! 

He stood aside for her to pass. 他靠邊站讓她過去! 

He cupped his ear to hear better. 他的手捂著耳朵,以便聽得更清楚! 

He went to the south in search of a better life. 他去南方尋求更好的生活! 

I went to France not to study French, but to study architecture. 我去法國不是為了學法語,而是為了學建筑! 

七、條件狀語  

Can you see without your glasses? 你不戴眼鏡能看得清東西嗎?  

United, we stand;divided, we fall. 團結則存,分裂則亡! 

With more moneyI would be able to buy it. 錢多一點的話,我就買得起! 

To look at himyou could hardly help laughing. 看到他你就會忍不住笑起來! 

We must be losing at least a third of our staff under new technology. 在新的技術條件下,我們必定要解雇至少三分之一的員工! 

Weather permitting, we’ll have the match tomorrow. 天氣允許的話,我們將于明天進行比賽! 

八、讓步狀語  

For all his money, he’s a very lonely man. 他雖然富有,可是非常寂寞! 

Carol went to work in spite of feeling ill. 卡洛爾盡管感到不舒服仍去上了班! 

With all his efforts, he lost the match. 雖然盡了全力,他還是輸了那場比賽! 

You couldn’t do that to save your life. 你即使為了救自己的命也不能那樣做! 

Laughed at by everybody, he had my sympathy. 人人都嘲笑他,但我卻同情他! 

Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage. 他們盡管了解這一切,還是要我賠償損失! 

九、程度狀語  

I don’t like coffee very much. 我不太喜歡咖啡! 

To a great extent, it is not fair. 在很大程度上,這是不公平的! 

The system which is used in this school is very successful. 這個學校所施行的制度是非常成功的! 

十、方式狀語  

We came on the bus. 我們坐公共汽車來的! 

You must pay the bill in cash. 你必須用現金付賬! 

I watched the game on television. 我在電視上收看了那場比賽! 

We see with our eyes, and hear with our ears. 我們用眼睛看,用耳朵聽! 

I heard of the job through a newspaper advertisement. 我從報上的廣告中知道了這個工作! 

十一、伴隨狀語  

I slept with the window open. 我開著窗睡覺! 

She said good-bye with tears in her eyes. 她含著淚水說再見! 

He ran up to her breathing heavily. 他氣喘吁吁地跑到她跟前! 

He rushed into the room, his face covered with sweat. 他滿臉是汗跑進屋來。 

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